A neat typing means adjusting the matter to be typed within the margins. Long words coming at the end of lines are to be split. This division of the long words is known as syllabification. Words may consist of mono-syllable or multi-syllables. Mono-syllable words like ‘the’, ‘to’, need not be split. Multi-syllable words like permit, ordinary, medical, coming at the end of the lines are to be split, so as to have an even right hand margin. While dividing the words, one of the syllables may be typed at the line end and then hyphen may be typed. The remaining syllable or syllables may be carried on to the next line. Care should be taken to split the words at their proper syllables. A syllable is a word or a part of a word which can be sounded by a single effort of the voice. Guided by this principle of pronunciation, the multi-syllabic words should be divided. At no time should a mono-syllabic word be split.
Saxon words like higher, whether, either should not be divided. Words ending with ‘ed’, ‘ing’ should be left undivided. In the same way, a set of figures connected together should not be split. Similarly, initials going with the names, proper nouns and surnames should not be divided.
Words should be divided in the way of their utterance. For example, if the word ‘thousand’ cannot be completed at the line end, it should be split into “thou-“ at the right hand side followed by a hyphen and the remaining letters “sand” may be typed at the commencement of the next line. In the sand way, suffixes may be carried on to the next line. Also, compound words like heavily-inked, day-break, child-birth may be split according to the constituent parts.
When consonant occurs consecutively as for example in the words possible, recommends possession and when two consonants occur between vowels as in the case of the words like maternity, indifferent and when three consonants follow a short vowel as in the case of distress words may be divided.